RSC Satellite Meeting 2016 - Abstracts
Prof. Heidrun Wiesenmüller, Stuttgart Media University: FRBR, RDA and subject cataloging – with a special focus on the German experience
It is widely recognized that the arrival of FRBR has brought descriptive cataloging and subject cataloging closer together. However, the treatment of subject cataloging has changed considerably during the evolution of the FR models (from FRBR to FRSAD and now to the draft of FRBR-LRM). In the first part, the paper discusses the topical entities and relationships provided by the different models and assesses their pros and cons. It goes on to explain recent developments in RDA in the area of subject cataloging.
The second part of the talk is devoted to practical subject cataloging against the background of RDA, with a special focus on the German experience. Which aspects of subject cataloging, as practiced in the German-speaking community, are covered by RDA and which aren’t? Which areas of RDA pose problems due to different requirements of descriptive and subject cataloging? Will separate rules for subject cataloging still be needed in the future? Among the aspects discussed are the merger of subject headings for form aspects with the “Nature of Content” element (RDA 7.2) and the treatment of works.
Esther Scheven, German National Library: Principles of subject indexing – conclusions from a review by the German expert panel for subject cataloguing
In Germany, Switzerland and Austria, subject cataloguing in libraries follows the standard “Regeln für den Schlagwortkatalog (RSWK)” (= Rules for the subject catalogue). An expert panel (Expertengruppe Sacherschließung), lead-managed by the German National Library, is responsible for maintaining this standard. This panel has been installed by the Standardisierungsausschuss (STA), a political board for standardization in libraries.
As the standard RSWK was developed 30 years ago it has to be adapted to new technologies, to changes in the data model of the authority file and to RDA. In 2013 the STA charged the expert panel to investigate how subject indexing is done in quite different communities (e.g. archives, documentation departments, Wikipedia) in order to discover forward-looking principles which can used for the revised standard. The talk will present the different subject indexing methods of the examined examples. In spite of great differences it is possible to identify general principles which are applied in all systems. These will also be presented.
As a result of the review the expert panel developed guidelines for subject cataloguing.
Janet Ashton, British Library: Strings or terms? Experiments with FAST Subject Indexing at the British Library
In April 2016 the British Library asked stakeholders to respond to the following proposals:
- The British Library proposes to adopt FAST (Faceted Application of Subject Terminology) selectively to extend the scope of subject indexing of current and legacy content
- The British Library proposes to implement FAST as a replacement for LCSH in all current cataloguing, subject to mitigation of the risks identified in the background paper; in particular, the question of sustainability.
- The British Library proposes to implement Abridged DDC selectively to extend the scope of subject indexing of current and legacy content.
This presentation describes the British Library’s experiments with FAST as an alternative to Library of Congress Subject Headings (LCSH). It will briefly cover historic approaches to subject indexing the Library’s collections and will explain the current economic, technical and practical factors which led to this consultation.
The presentation will describe specific projects in which we used FAST. The scope of these projects includes both current intake and elimination of historic backlogs. The items indexed have covered a range of different library materials, including monographs, e-journals, electronic databases and both current workflows and backlogs. The projects also demonstrated application by staff with differing levels of experience and knowledge: ranging from professional cataloguers with a deep knowledge of LCSH, to cataloguing assistants contracted for targeted projects, with no prior knowledge of LCSH or FAST.
The presentation will review stakeholders’ responses to our proposals. It is clear that many have strong reservations about the effectiveness of FAST for discovery and they share our own concerns about sustainability of FAST. The presentation will cover the steps being taken to address these concerns. Despite these concerns, the initiative has also revealed considerable interest and support for a shift away from pre-coordination. The final section of the presentation will focus on the potential benefits that the community hopes can be delivered by a faceted approach to subject indexing.
Priska Bucher, Marcus Zerbst, Alice Keller, Zentralbibliothek Zürich: Subject To Change: Ongoing automatic catalog enrichment with harvested subject headings and codes
Subject indexing at the Zentralbibliothek is carried out by subject librarians as is common practice in all German-speaking university libraries. However, the dramatic increase in e-resources and the demand for subject librarians to take on new research oriented tasks has led to a situation where traditional indexing practices are no longer feasible. The project FRED, launched in 2016 by the Zentralbibliothek and in parallel at the University of Basle, responds to this demand: By importing subject indexing data for all new acquisitions incl. e-books on a large and automated scale from various library networks/catalogues on a daily basis it achieves significant time savings in indexing, processes large numbers of resources and makes best use of indexing data available through pool catalogues. In order to support multilingual subject access, subject terms in German, English, French and Italian are included. Furthermore, data from two classification schemes (DDC and RVK) are added.
Subject librarians at the Zentralbibliothek continue to check and add missing GND data for printed books. In all other cases, subject indexing terms are imported without further ado. After intellectual examination the subject librarian assigns a code which acts as stop signal for GND enrichment (only). Indexing data from other systems continues to be added automatically over a timespan of several months. To what extent GND data for print titles can also be imported without further checks is part of ongoing tests.
At the RSC Satellite Meeting the authors will present the results of the project, an analysis of the benefits by subject area and technical details. The presentation will close with an outlook into the future and a consideration of the consequences of this system for subject indexing at a national level.
Vesna Župan, University Library Belgrade: Subject cataloguing of library materials in a new technological environment - experience from Serbia
This paper concentrates on the way of subject cataloguing of books and non-book materials in Serbian academic libraries. The vast majority of these academic libraries performs the cataloguing and classification in COBISS (Co-operative Online Bibliographic System & Services). Technical base of work in Serbian academic libraries gives staff the opportunity to catalogue materials in accordance with national and international standards for bibliographic description of library materials.
Contemporary academic librarianship in Serbia contributes to the process of globalization. Open repositories become very actual in Serbia not only for librarians but also for users. The rector of The University of Belgrade, Prof. Dr. Branko Kovačević signed The Berlin Declaration on Open Access to the Knowledge in the Sciences and Humanities. This is a challenge for subject cataloguing because it is unavoidably included into the process during which metadata are being created before downloading doctoral dissertations in full text into an open university repository.
An electronic catalogue of an academic library is the illustration of its work in the field of acquisition and cataloguing of library materials. There should be a cohesion between technical skills on one side and knowledge of professional disciplines on another one in order to carry out subject cataloguing successfully. The better subject cataloguing is, the higher level of understanding of a topic by library users will be. Library marketing is more efficient if the e-catalogue is practical for retrievals. Therefore, subject cataloguing should be also observed in the light of library marketing nowadays.
Angela Kailus, German Documentation Centre for Art History – Bildarchiv Foto Marburg: Subject Cataloging of Images in Museums and Photo Collections
In many heritage collections - libraries, museums, archives, research institutions, monuments authorities – there are extensive collections of visual material in the form of two-dimensional still images. They include prints and drawings (e.g. fine art, illustrations in books or serials, posters, postcards, sketches, architectural or technical drafts, diagrams, cartoons), paintings and analog or born-digital photographs.
RDA claims to be applicable to all kinds of media and cultural content. Internationally, there are several initiatives developing RDA-compatible cataloging rules and tools or laying the foundations for semantic crosswalks to other cataloging standards in the heritage sector.
Providing subject access is one of the most significant ways to open a collection of visual materials to users. The process of subject cataloging is complex: The cataloger has to understand, to interpret and to classify visual content, possibly with the support of other materials. He or she has to translate the narrative content of a non-textual resource into controlled terminology suitable for retrieval. The resulting indexing can cover different levels of intricacy, from listing what the image depicts to an interpretation of its implicit iconological meanings, its use of symbols and allegory.
The focus of subject cataloging generally will follow the practice of the respective sector and its established notions about its users’ interests. But, in the context of the emerging semantic web and new user demands, these practices are reassessed in favor of improved cross-section interoperability of data.
By using examples from museums and photo archives, the presentation will give an overview of the practice of subject cataloging in these institutions. It will also discuss the vocabularies predominantly used. Thus, it will outline some possible challenges to meet during the adaption of RDA for handling of image materials.
Tiziana Possemato, Casalini Libri: The central role of URIs in Subject Cataloguing
In the era of new ILS generation, the subject cataloguing scenario can take advantage of smarter and more efficient ways to produce well-done and enriched data, following the RDA guidelines and the Linked Open Data paradigm.
The presentation will show a new subject cataloguing procedure that makes it possible to enrich headings with URIs coming from different subject authority systems, such as – but not limited to – FAST and LCSH. Also reconsiliation and clustering processes will be addressed.
The overall new approach contributes to the preconditions for a further improvement of the cooperation between institutions, the reuse of data in different scenarios, and will allow a more efficient identification of entities in the web environment, supporting, at the same time, the working process of the cultural heritage and the wider exploitation of data.
Letzte Änderung: 21.09.2016