When the Law regarding the German National Library (DNBG (PDF, 40KB, Not barrier-free file.)), passed on 22 June 2006, came into force (BGB1. I P. 1338), the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek received the task of collecting, cataloguing, indexing and archiving non-physical media works (online publications). The expanded legal collection mandate has necessitated revised versions of the Legal Deposit Regulation (PflAV) and the collection guidelines (PDF, 443KB, Not barrier-free file.).
The collection field of online publications covers all text, image and sound-based works made available on public networks. The submission obligation covers both Internet publications with corresponding printed versions and also web-specific media works. Examples of online publications include electronic magazines, eBooks, university dissertations, digitised content, music files, audio books and also websites.
There are restrictions to the collection brief.
Temporary pre-publications, pure software or application tools, and radio and TV programmes are not collected.
Online publications which only serve private or commercial purposes are not collected either. This basically means websites consisting e.g. of private photos and descriptions of holidays which are only of interest to private individuals, or presentations of a company's goods and services which are only relevant for customers.
Suitable procedures for the large-scale collection, cataloguing and archiving of online publications will be developed gradually. The object of the current stage of development is the collection of individual online publications with corresponding printed versions. Here the Deutsche Nationalbibliothek assesses and catalogues each document and distinct publication as an individual work. In a further step, automatic procedures are being developed for the collection of whole groups of objects, such as entire websites.
The legal collection definition of "…all text, image and sound-based works which are made available in public networks…" includes the digitised versions of older publications which are held on the Internet. The submission obligation therefore covers e.g. all German libraries, archives and other institutions which make authorised digital versions of their stocks available on the net, and publishing houses based in Germany which are digitising their retrospective stocks. Media publications, the original editions of which were not subject to the collection brief, must now be also collected in their digitised form (e.g. digitised versions of works published before 1913, of publications printed abroad but not falling within the collection mandate or of manuscripts), as was previously also the case with reprints, if publication in Germany is carried out by an institution itself based in Germany.
Audio files in the field of music should basically be collected on an object-related basis in collaboration with partners or aggregators in the music industry. Wherever possible, this should be based on existing distribution channels. The existing partnerships set up for physical sound carriers can be expanded, e.g. by establishing interfaces to music platforms. The collection brief covers both parallel publications (e.g. CD and online audio files) and also pure ("digital born") online publications in the case of newcomers. The aim of object-based collecting is to achieve high, near-CD quality of the audio files collected (WAV and comparable files).
In the E-Paper project, launched in December 2009, an automatic workflow for the collection, cataloguing, provision and archiving of layout-faithful electronic versions of printed daily newspapers was developed and put into routine operation. Since the end of 2010 the issues of meanwhile roughly 600 e-Paper titles have been collected, recorded in the portal catalogue of the German National Library and made available to the general public within 8 days in the Leipzig and Frankfurt reading rooms. Accordingly, from 2011 the practice of microfilming daily newspapers started by the German National Library in the 1960s has now been dispensed with in cases where an e-Paper which corresponds in full to the printed edition is available.
Online university dissertations and theses
Since July 1998 the German National Library has collected online dissertations and post-doctoral theses. Since 2011 these can be submitted to the German National Library collects via the normal submission interfaces. The use of the XMetaDissPlus format makes it possible to collect publications offered on the university servers other than the university dissertations and theses themselves.
Further information (available only in German)
No websites of any kind, e.g. static or dynamic HTML pages, weblogs or forums, are currently being collected. In order to fulfil the collection mandate in this field, the German National Library is currently working on a project to establish the basic organisational and technical principles for automatically harvesting websites, so-called web harvesting. We are also seeking to collaborate with external partners in this field. In the field of blogs, for instance, we are working with mokono GmbH. A description of the partnership can be found at blog.de.
Publications (available only in German)
- Schwens, Ute; Wiechmann, Brigitte: Netzpublikationen in der Deutschen Nationalbibliothek.
In: Dialog mit Bibliotheken 21 (2009), H. 1, S. 10-13. urn:nbn:de:101-2010032339
Last update: 26.8.2013